Halifax JB786 (23/08/1943)

Halifax JB786 was one of twenty three No. 35 Squadron aircraft detailed to attack Berlin on the night of the 23rd / 24th August 1943.

It was equipped with IFF, Gee and Nav Aid Y (H2S) and was carrying 8 x 500lbs MC and various target indicators. Its designated Path Finder role was Backer Up

Its seven-man crew comprised:

  • Albert Ernest Arter (Pilot)
  • Roy Horsburgh (Navigator)
  • Duncan McIntyre Miller (Air Bomber)
  • Allan Roland Ball (Wireless Operator)
  • John Joseph Butler (Air Gunner)
  • Peter Golding Boyce (Air Gunner)
  • Edwin George Cooper (Flight Engineer)

The route was East Coast, 52°50N 03°30E, Egmond, 52°50N 09°30E, 52°05N 13°47E, Berlin, 52°50N 13°40E, Mano Island, 55°00N 07°00E, East Coast

JB786 failed to return and the squadron’s Operations Record Book shows “This aircraft is missing, nothing being heard from it after take off”

Wartime activities relating to the loss

On 24th August 1943 the squadron informed Bomber Command, the Air Ministry and the RAF Records Office that the aircraft and crew were missing.

A telegram, along with a follow up letter from the Commanding Officer, was sent to the next of kin of each crew member advising them that he was “missing as the result of air operations on 23rd / 24th August 1943”.

horsburgh-extract

Extract from letter sent to the family of R Horsburgh

The crew’s kit and personal belongings were removed from their lockers and catalogued; kit was returned to stores and personal belongings sent to the RAF Central Depository at RAF Colnbrook.

The Air Ministry Casualty Branch, which was responsible for investigating, monitoring and reporting on the status of missing aircraft and airmen, subsequently published the following information regarding the crew:

  • Air Ministry Casualty Communique No. 301 (Flight 04/11/1943) reported AE Arter, JJ Butler and EG Cooper as “missing believed killed in action”
  • Air Ministry Casualty Communique No. 449 (Flight 07/12/1944) reported AE Arter and JJ Butler “previously reported missing believed killed in action” as “now presumed killed in action”

Note: Presumption of death enabled a death certificate to be issued; personal belongings could then be sent to next of kin, along with any monies due.

No. 35 Squadron’s Operations Record Book shows the following information was received relating to the crew:

  • 30/09/1943: Information received from Air Ministry that Sgt Boyce and F/O Horsburgh, missing on operations 23rd / 24th August 1943, are prisoners of war and that F/S Arter, F/O AR Ball and Sgt Butler were killed [Note incorrect information regarding AR Ball]
  • 26/10/1943: Information received from Air Ministry that F/O AR Ball, missing on operations 23rd / 24th August 1943, is a prisoner of war
  • 02/11/1943: Information received from Air Ministry that Sgt Miller, missing on operations 23rd / 24th August 1943, is a prisoner of war

Crew members who survived the crash and were captured / imprisoned

AR Ball

AR Ball survived the crash and was captured and hospitalised with serious head injuries.

Information obtained to date shows the following:

  • Hospitalised: Various Lazarett Aug-43 to Nov-43
  • Imprisoned: Stalag Luft III, Sagan Nov-43 to Sep-44
  • Repatriated: (Via Sweden) 17/09/1944
  • Hospitalised: RAF Hospital Weeton Sep-44 to Nov-44
  • Hospitalised: Queen Victoria Hospital, East Grinstead Nov-44 until recovered (*)

[Courtesy of Juliet Stockford]

(*) Became a member of the Guinea Pig Club

DM Miller

It is understood that DM Miller suffered a broken leg and was hospitalised after his capture. It is believed that he was repatriated during 1944 (Further research required)

R Horsburgh and PG Boyce

R Horsburgh and PG Boyce survived the crash and were captured, interrogated and imprisoned for the remainder of the war.

Their POW Liberation Questionnaires, which were completed as part of the repatriation process at 106 Personnel Reception Centre (RAF Cosford) in 1945, show the following details:

  • R Horsburgh
    • Captured: South of Eberswalde 24/08/1943 (Slight facial wound)
    • Interrogated: Dulag Luft Obereusel, Frankfurt Aug-43 to Sep-43
    • Imprisoned: Stalag Luft III, Sagan Sep-43 to Jan-45
    • Imprisoned: Stalag III-A, Luckenwalde Feb-45 to Apr-45
    • Repatriated: May-45
  • PG Boyce (*)
    • Captured: Berlin Aug-43
    • Imprisoned: Stalag IV-B, Muhlberg Sep-43 to Feb-45
    • Labour Camp: Rodewisch Feb-45 to Apr-45
    • Repatriated: May-45

(*) Initial research suggests that at some point in time (date currently unknown) PG Boyce changed identities with an American soldier (Private Bernard Pizzo) and escaped from Stalag IV-B and ended up in Stalag Luft III, Sagan [It is presumed that this would have been at a time when American prisoners were being evacuated] Further research required

Post War search for the missing crew members

After the war, an investigation officer from the Royal Air Force Missing Research and Enquiry Service (MRES) was tasked with locating the remains of the missing crew member(s).

Original German documents, burial records and eye witness accounts were utilised to establish the location of the crash site, the cause of the loss and the initial fate of the crew; information was recorded in a MRES Investigation Report.

As part of the process, any remains that were located were exhumed, identified (wherever possible) and concentrated (reinterred) at one of the Commonwealth War Graves Commission’s (CWGC) Cemeteries in the country that they fell, in accordance with Government policy at the time.

Graves were marked with a simple wooden cross, which was replaced by the familiar CWGC headstone during the 1950’s.

Missing airmen who could not be found, or formally identified, had their names commemorated on the Air Forces Memorial at Runnymede, which was unveiled in 1953.

CWGC records show that the remains of AE Arter,  JJ Butler and EG Cooper were located at Doeberitz Standortfriedhof.

jb786-concentration

Their remains were exhumed, identified and concentrated (reinterred) at BERLIN 1939-1945 WAR CEMETERY on 29th October 1946 as follows:

  • BUTLER, JOHN JOSEPH Sergeant ‘1268653’ Grave 4. B. 20.
  • ARTER, ALBERT ERNEST Flight Sergeant ‘1256391’ Joint grave 4. B. 22-23.
  • COOPER, EDWIN GEORGE Sergeant ‘1219550’  Joint grave 4. B. 22-23.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

Theo Boiten (Nachtjagd Combat Archive)

Nightfighter Claim by Oblt. Lenz Finster, 2./NJG, nr. Schönerlinde (Germany), 5500m, 00.54hrs (Also, Flak Claims Halifax Schönerlinde 5300-4600m. 00.51-54 hrs) by 1.-5./schw. Flak.Abt. 605, 3./schw. Flak.Abt. 902 (Eisb.), 6./schw. Flak.Abt. 123, 1.-5./schw. Flak.Abt. 154, 3. & 4./schw. Flak.Abt. 662; claim by Oblt. Finster not listed in OKL/RLM 2./NJG1 Confirmed Abschussubersicht)

Air Historical Branch

The MRES report states that “no information is held re the exact location of JB786, but it must be assumed to be in the Berlin area. However, captured German documents show the crash site as Schonerlinde-Lindenhof (Map Reference N53 Z86)”

A report from R Horsburgh whilst a POW states: “On the night of the 23rd August, 1943 when operating over enemy territory, we encountered heavy opposition from the enemy defences. My aircraft was struck several times, wounding myself and the pilot and holed one of the tanks in the fuselage, filling the fuselage with fumes and smoke. We were then attacked and the starboard wing set on fire, and I think it was during this time that Sgt. BUTLER was killed as we got no reply from him on the intercom. I heard F/Lt. BALL who was down in the fuselage say that he thought Sgt. Butler was dead. I was next to the Captain, F/Sgt. ARTER, in the second pilot’s position assisting him in endeavouring to evade the enemy attacks. I think he must have been hit in the chest because he was crouched over his controls and did not answer me. He was, however, still quite conscious and capable of taking charge as he looked towards the wing which was on fire and motioned me to bale out. I gave him his chute and he gave an order over the intercom for the crew to bale out. The aircraft was at this time going down in a steep dive. As I could do nothing further I went down to the front escape hatch which I opened. I found Sgt. MILLER who was lying beside it with a broken leg. I went to assist him but he told me to get out first as he could manage easily by himself now that the hatch was open. I left and he followed me. Soon after I left the aircraft, I saw it apparently turn on its back and dive blazing into the ground. Later I heard Sgt. Miller was in hospital and should recover in the normal course of events. I know nothing of the fate of F/Sgt. Arter or Sgt. COOPER. I should be grateful if you could bring to the notice of our Squadron Commander the conduct of F/Sgt. Arter whose devotion to duty when probably severely wounded kept the aircraft in control, thus allowing the survivors of his crew to escape.”

DM Miller Letter

In a letter to R Horsburgh in 1984, DM Miller wrote “I got a canon splinter in my right leg which severed the nerves to my foot and, when the kite blew up, I think I must have been thrown or sucked through the escape hatch with my left hand clutching the D-ring of the chute.  In any event I came down by chute while unconscious and must have hit the deck very heavily as the fibula in the right leg was shattered and my left shoulder was also injured.”

Memorial Wreath

35Wreath_2.JPG

Memorial Wreath laid at RAF Graveley by Juliet Stockford (daughter of AR Ball) to commemorate the 75th Anniversary of the loss of the aircraft (23th August 2018)

Halifax HR928 (23/08/1943)

Halifax HR928 was one of twenty three No. 35 Squadron aircraft detailed to attack Berlin on the night of the 23rd / 24th August 1943.

Its seven-man crew comprised:

  • Harry Webster (Pilot)
  • Michael Charles Xavier Mack (Navigator)
  • William Philip MacDonald McIntosh (Air Bomber)
  • Robert William Nixon (Wireless Operator)
  • Osborne Lloyd Bliss (Air Gunner)
  • Walter David Craig (Air Gunner)
  • Dennis Burke (Flight Engineer)

BV Robinson (Station Commander, RAF Graveley) was also on board

The route was East Coast, 52°50N 03°30E, Egmond, 52°50N 09°30E, 52°05N 13°47E, Berlin, 52°50N 13°40E, Mano Island, 55°00N 07°00E, East Coast

HR928 failed to return and the squadron’s Operations Record Book shows “This aircraft is missing, nothing being heard from it after take off”

Wartime activities relating to the loss

On 24th August 1943 the squadron informed Bomber Command, the Air Ministry and the RAF Records Office that the aircraft and crew were missing.

A telegram, along with a follow up letter from the Commanding Officer, was sent to the next of kin of each crew member advising them that he was “missing as the result of air operations on 23rd / 24th August 1943”.

The crew’s kit and personal belongings were removed from their lockers and catalogued; kit was returned to stores and personal belongings sent to the RAF Central Depository at RAF Colnbrook.

The Air Ministry Casualty Branch, which was responsible for investigating, monitoring and reporting on the status of missing aircraft and airmen, subsequently published the following information regarding the crew:

  • Air Ministry Casualty Communique No. 302 (Flight 04/11/1943) reported H Webster, BV Robinson, MCX Mack, WPM McIntosh, RW Nixon, OL Bliss, WD Craig and D Burke as “missing”
  • Air Ministry Casualty Communique No. 401 (Flight 13/07/1944) reported OL Bliss and WD Craig “previously reported missing” as “now presumed killed in action”
  • Air Ministry Casualty Communique No. 411 (Flight 10/08/1944) reported MCX Mack “previously reported missing” as “now presumed killed in action”
  • Air Ministry Casualty Communique No. 413 (Flight 14/08/1944) reported H Webster and BV Robinson,  “previously reported missing” as “now presumed killed in action”
  • Air Ministry Casualty Communique No. 422 (Flight 14/09/1944) reported D Burke “previously reported missing” as “now presumed killed in action”

Note: Presumption of death enabled a death certificate to be issued; personal belongings could then be sent to next of kin, along with any monies due.

No. 35 Squadron’s Operations Record Book shows the following information was received relating to the crew:

  • 22/02/1944: Information received from Air Ministry that WD Craig and OL Bliss, missing on 23rd / 24th August 1943, were killed
  • 01/03/1944: Information received from Air Ministry that MCX Mack, missing on 23rd / 24th August 1943, was killed

Post War search for the missing crew members

After the war, an investigation officer from the Royal Air Force Missing Research and Enquiry Service (MRES) was tasked with locating the remains of the missing crew member(s).

Original German documents, burial records and eye witness accounts were utilised to establish the location of the crash site, the cause of the loss and the initial fate of the crew; information was recorded in a MRES Investigation Report.

As part of the process, any remains that were located were exhumed, identified (wherever possible) and concentrated (reinterred) at one of the Commonwealth War Graves Commission’s (CWGC) Cemeteries in the country that they fell, in accordance with Government policy at the time.

Graves were marked with a simple wooden cross, which was replaced by the familiar CWGC headstone during the 1950’s.

Missing airmen who could not be found, or formally identified, had their names commemorated on the Air Forces Memorial at Runnymede, which was unveiled in 1953.

CWGC records show that the remains of all the crew members were located at Wensickendorf Cemetery

hr928-concentration

Their remains were exhumed, identified and concentrated (reinterred) at BERLIN 1939-1945 WAR CEMETERY on 11th April 1947 as follows:

  • BLISS, OSBORNE LLOYD Warrant Officer Class II ‘R/88244’, Coll. grave 5. L. 12-15
  • BURKE, DENNIS Flight Sergeant ‘632396’, Grave 5. L. 8.
  • CRAIG, WALTER DAVID Pilot Officer ‘J/18448’, Grave 5. L. 9.
  • MACK, MICHAEL CHARLES XAVIER Squadron Leader ‘91224’, Grave 5. L. 10.
  • McINTOSH, WILLIAM PHILIP MACDONALD Pilot Officer ‘J/18231’, Coll. grave 5. L. 12-15.
  • NIXON, ROBERT WILLIAM Pilot Officer ‘J/17729’, Coll. grave 5. L. 12-15.
  • ROBINSON, BASIL VERNON Group Captain, Grave 5. L. 11.
  • WEBSTER, HARRY Flight Lieutenant ‘137191’, Coll. grave 5. L. 12-15.

[Source: Find-a-Grave]

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

Theo Boiten (Nachtjagd Combat Archive)

  • Nightfighter Claim: Uffz. Rudi Fischer, 1./JG300, Berlin 5,000m 00.53
  • Coned by 1.-3./flaksheinw. Abt. 370 and 1./flaksheinw. Abt. 339,
  • Also claimed by 1./flaksheinw. Abt. 528 (“Halifax Wensickendorf 00.54hrs); .

Claim by Uffz Fischer not listed in OKL/RLM, 1./JG300 Confirmed Abschussunersicht)

WR Chorley (Bomber Command Losses of the Second World War)

Shot down by a nightfighter and crashed at Wensickendorf.

MRES Report (Source: WPM McIntosh Service File)

This aircraft crashed in the near vicinity of Wensickendorf (N53 Z8176) as a result of enemy action during the night of 23/24th August, 1943. The plane exploded on impact and burned fiercely. In spite of the condition of the wreckage the aircraft was identified as a British bomber by a Luftwaffe detachment who removed every part of the wreck.

As a result of the tremendous impact and fierce fire only one complete body was retrieved from the remains of the aircraft. Local knowledge had it that all the crew of seven must have perished and that none escaped by parachute.

In the WENSICKENDORF District Cemetery were three graves, marked with a decent brown varnished wooden cross to the memory of “Three British Airmen Interred Here” – written in English

Crew Information

H Webster (and possibly the main members of his crew) was posted into the squadron from 22 OTU on 16th July 1942 – read more – .

Halifax HR865 (23/08/1943)

Halifax HR865 was one of twenty three No. 35 Squadron aircraft detailed to attack Berlin on the night of the 23rd / 24th August 1943.

It was equipped with Gee and H2s

Its seven-man crew comprised:

  • Lawrence Edward Nicklin Lahey (Pilot)
  • David Farrant Bland (Navigator)
  • John William Annetts (Air Bomber)
  • Daniel David Cleary (Wireless Operator)
  • Leonard Alan Such (Air Gunner)
  • Robert Scott Hogg (Air Gunner)
  • Wilfred Ernest Sutton (Flight Engineer)

The route for the bomber stream was as follows: East Coast, 52°50N 03°30E, Egmond, 52°50N 09°30E, 52°05N 13°47E, Berlin, 52°50N 13°40E, Mano Island, 55°00N 07°00E, East Coast

HR865 failed to return and the squadron’s Operations Record Book shows “This aircraft is missing, nothing being heard from it after take off”

Wartime activities relating to the loss

On 24th August 1943 the squadron informed Bomber Command, the Air Ministry and the RAF Records Office that the aircraft and crew were missing.

A telegram, along with a follow up letter from the Commanding Officer, was sent to the next of kin of each crew member advising them that he was “missing as the result of air operations on 23rd / 24th August 1943”.

lahey-telegram2

Copy of telegram sent to LEN Lahey’s family

The crew’s kit and personal belongings were removed from their lockers and catalogued; kit was returned to stores and personal belongings sent to the RAF Central Depository at RAF Colnbrook.

The Air Ministry Casualty Branch, which was responsible for investigating, monitoring and reporting on the status of missing aircraft and airmen subsequently provided No. 35 Squadron with the following information regarding the crew:

  • 13/10/1943: Information received from Air Ministry that P/O Lahey and crew, missing on 23rd / 24th August 1943, are all prisoners of war

Crew members who survived the crash and were captured / imprisoned

All members of the crew survived the crash and were captured, interrogated and imprisoned for the remainder of the war.

Their POW Liberation Questionnaires, which were completed as part of the repatriation process at 106 Personnel Reception Centre (RAF Cosford) in 1945, show the following details:

  • LEN Lahey
    • Captured: 20 miles from Brandenburg Aug-43
    • Interrogated: Dulag Luft, Frankfurt Aug-43 to Sep-43
    • Imprisoned: Stalag Luft III, Sagan Sep-43 to Jan-45
    • Imprisoned: Marlag und Milag Nord, Westertimke (Tarmstedt) Feb-45 to Apr-45
    • Repatriated: May-45
  • DD Cleary
    • Captured: Outside Genthin (South of Magdeburg) Aug-43
      Interrogated: Dulag Luft, Frankfurt Aug-43
      Imprisoned: Stalag IV-B, Mulhberg Sep-43 to Apr-45
      Repatriated: May-45
  •  RS Hogg
    • Captured: Berlin 23/08/1943
    • Interrogated: Dulag Luft, Frankfurt Aug-43 to Sep-43
    • Imprisoned: Stalag IV-B, Muhlberg Sep-43 to Apr-45
    • Repatriated: May-45
  •  WE Sutton
    • Captured: Genthin (nr Berlin) (23/08/1943)
    • Interrogated: Dulag Luft, Frankfurt Aug-43
    • Imprisoned: Stalag IV-B, Mulhberg Sep-43 Apr-45
    • Repatriated: May-45
  • JW Annetts (POW Liberation Questionnaire yet to be obtained, so information is unconfirmed)
    • Captured:
    • Imprisoned: Stalag Luft III, Sagan
    • Repatriated:
  • DF Bland (POW Liberation Questionnaire yet to be obtained, so information is unconfirmed)
    • Captured:
    • Imprisoned: Stalag Luft III, Sagan
    • Repatriated:
  • LA Such (POW Liberation Questionnaire yet to be obtained, so information is unconfirmed)
    • Captured:
    • Imprisoned: Stalag IV-B, Mulhberg
    • Repatriated:

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

Theo Boiten (Nachtjagd Combat Archive)

Nightfighter Claim; Hptm. H Prinz zu Sayn-Wittgenstein, Stab II./NJG3, nr Dorst, NNW Neuhaldensleben (Germany), 5500m, 00.18 (Note: claim not listed in OKL/RLM; Stab II./NJG3 Confirmed Abschussubersicht)

Extract from LEN Lahey’s Repatriation Report [Source: Australian Archive]

Hit by JU88 at 17000ft causing breakdown in hydraulics and fire in starboard wing and starboard inner motor. After applying fire extinguishers to starboard inner without avail, the order to bale out was given and acknowledged by each member of the crew who jumped in turn. The mid-upper gunner was slightly wounded in the legs and pilot had slight wound in the head. Aircraft crashed about 20 miles from Brandenburg

Bomber Command Loss Card

  • All crew baled out; shot down nr Magdeburg (Dirglitz)
  • Text on reverse of card is difficult to read and needs to be deciphered

Halifax HR846 (23/08/1943)

Halifax HR846 was one of twenty three No. 35 Squadron aircraft detailed to attack Berlin on the night of the 23rd / 24th August 1943.

Its seven-man crew comprised:

  • John Jarvis Williams (Pilot)
  • James Casey (Navigator)
  • Richard Charles Tucker (Air Bomber)
  • Gordon James Hurley (Wireless Operator)
  • John Elwell (Air Gunner)
  • Thomas David Bishop (Air Gunner)
  • John Colgan (Flight Engineer)

The route was East Coast, 5250N 0330E, Egmond, 5250N 0930E, 5205N 1347E, Berlin, 5250N 1340E, Mano Island, 5500N 0700E, East Coast

HR846 failed to return and the squadron’s Operations Record Book shows “This aircraft is missing, nothing being heard from it after take off”

Halifax HR846 [Photograph by Ron Gayner (Courtesy of Dick Gayner)]

Wartime activities relating to the loss

On 24th August 1943 the squadron informed Bomber Command, the Air Ministry and the RAF Records Office that the aircraft and crew were missing.

A telegram, along with a follow up letter from the Commanding Officer, was sent to the next of kin of each crew member advising them that he was “missing as the result of air operations on 23rd / 24th August 1943”.

The crew’s kit and personal belongings were removed from their lockers and catalogued; kit was returned to stores and personal belongings sent to the RAF Central Depository at RAF Colnbrook.

The Air Ministry Casualty Branch, which was responsible for investigating, monitoring and reporting on the status of missing aircraft and airmen, subsequently published the following information regarding the crew:

  • Air Ministry Casualty Communique No. 382 (Flight 11/05/1944) reported TD Bishop and RC Tucker “previously reported missing” as “now presumed killed in action”

Note: Presumption of death enabled a death certificate to be issued; personal belongings could then be sent to next of kin, along with any monies due.

No. 35 Squadron’s Operations Record Book shows the following information was received relating to the crew:

  • 02/10/1943: Information received from Air Ministry that F/S Williams, Sgt Casey and F/S Hurley, missing on 23rd / 24th August 1943, are prisoners of war.
  • 30/10/1943: Information received from Air Ministry that F/S Colgan and Sgt Elwell, missing on 23rd / 24th August 1943, are prisoners of war.
  • 24/11/1943: Information received from Air Ministry that F/S Bishop, missing on 23rd / 24th August 1943, was killed

Crew members who survived the crash and were captured / imprisoned

JJ Williams, J Casey, GJ Hurley, J Colgan and J Elwell survived the crash and were captured, interrogated and imprisoned for the remainder of the war.

Their POW Liberation Questionnaires, which were completed as part of the repatriation process at 106 Personnel Reception Centre (RAF Cosford) in 1945, show the following details:

  • JJ Williams
    • Evaded: 23/08/1943 to 27/08/1943
    • Captured: Frankfurt (27/08/1943)
    • Imprisoned: Stalag IV-B, Muhlberg Sep-43 to May-45
    • Repatriated: May-45
  • J Colgan
    • Evaded: 23/08/1943 to 31/08/1943
    • Captured: North of Nuremberg? (31/08/1943)
    • Imprisoned: Stalag IVB, Muhlberg Sep-43
    • Interrogated: Dulag Luft, Frankfurt Sep-43
    • Imprisoned: Stalag IVB, Muhlberg Sep-43 to Apr-45
    • Repatriated: May-45
  •  J Casey (POW Liberation Questionnaire yet to be obtained, so information is unconfirmed)
    • Captured:
    • Imprisoned: Stalag IVB, Muhlberg / Stalag Luft III, Sagan
    • Repatriated:
  • GJ Hurley (POW Liberation Questionnaire yet to be obtained, so information is unconfirmed)
    • Captured:
    • Imprisoned: Stalag IVB, Muhlberg
    • Repatriated:
  • J Elwell (POW Liberation Questionnaire yet to be obtained, so information is unconfirmed)
    • Captured:
    • Imprisoned: Stalag IVB, Muhlberg
    • Repatriated:

Post War search for the missing crew members

After the war, an investigation officer from the Royal Air Force Missing Research and Enquiry Service (MRES) was tasked with locating the remains of the missing crew member(s).

Original German documents, burial records and eye witness accounts were utilised to establish the location of the crash site, the cause of the loss and the initial fate of the crew; information was recorded in a MRES Investigation Report.

As part of the process, any remains that were located were exhumed, identified (wherever possible) and concentrated (reinterred) at one of the Commonwealth War Graves Commission’s (CWGC) Cemeteries in the country that they fell, in accordance with Government policy at the time.

Graves were marked with a simple wooden cross, which was replaced by the familiar CWGC headstone during the 1950’s.

Missing airmen who could not be found, or formally identified, had their names commemorated on the Air Forces Memorial at Runnymede, which was unveiled in 1953.

CWGC records show that the remains of RC Tucker and TD Bishop were located at Doeberitz Standortfriedhof.

hr846-concentration

Their remains were exhumed, identified and concentrated (reinterred) on 28th October 1946 at BERLIN 1939-1945 WAR CEMETERY as follows:

  • BISHOP, THOMAS DAVID, Flight Sergeant ‘1252904’ Grave 1. J. 10.
  • TUCKER, RICHARD CHARLES, Pilot Officer ‘155165’ Grave 1. J. 9.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

Theo Boiten (Nachtjagd Combat Archive)

First Nightfighter Claim: Oblt. Lenz Finster, 2./NJG1, W Trebnitz (Germany), 5000m, 01.12hrs (Note: coned by 1./Flakshceinw. Abt. 339, 5./Flakshceinw. Abt. 448 and 4./Flakshceinw. Abt. 180 ‘Halifax Trebnitz 5500m 01.12hrs’)

Second Nightfighter Claim: Lt Peter Spoden, 5./NJG5, over target, Berlin (Germany), 4500m, 01.13hrs (Note; also claimed by Flak of 1. & 4./schw. Flak Abt. 362 and 2./schw. Flak Abt. 662 ‘4-mot Buckow 01.13hrs’; claim Lt. Spoden not listed in OKL/RLM, 5./NJG5  confirmed Abschussubersicht)

WR Chorley (Bomber Command Losses of the Second World War)

Shot down by a nightfighter and crashed in the target area