Operational Summary (1943)

January 1943

The 14th January 1943 directive issued to Bomber Command advised that as a result of the increased menace of the U-Boat, approval had been obtained to bomb the U-Boat operational bases on the west coast of France, including the local facilities such as water, power and electricity that the bases were dependent on.

Targets included Lorient, St Nazaire, Brest and La Pallice

The 21st January 1943 directive (known as the Casablanca Directive) stated that Bomber Command’s primary objective continued to be “the progressive destruction of the German military, industrial and economic system and the undermining of the morale of the German people to a point where their capacity for armed resistance is fatally weakened”

The order of priority was shown as (a) German submarine construction yards (b) the German aircraft industry (c) Transportation (d) Oil Plants (e) Other targets in enemy war industry.

No. 35 Squadron was requested to prepare and dispatch aircraft and crews for the following operations:

  • 14/01/1943 Lorient
  • 15/01/1943 Lorient
  • 16/01/1943 Berlin (#)
  • 17/01/1943 Berlin
  • 23/01/1943 Lorient
  • 26/01/1943 Lorient
  • 30/01/1943 Hamburg (*)

(#) More accurate Target Indicators (which could mark the aiming point rather than the general target boundaries) were utilised by the squadron for the first time
(*) H2S was used by the squadron for the first time

Aircraft utilised on operations were as follows:

  • HP59 B MKII (Series 1): DT489 DT519 W1141 W1142 W1231 W7678 W7779 W7804 W7851 W7866 W7872 W7873 W7874 W7875 W7881 W7886 W7887 W7906 W7907 W7923

Aircraft losses and incidents were as follows:

February 1943

No. 35 Squadron was requested to prepare and dispatch aircraft and crews for the following operations:

  • 02/02/1943 Cologne
  • 03/02/1943 Hamburg
  • 04/02/1943 Turin
  • 07/02/1943 Lorient
  • 11/02/1943 Wilhelmshaven
  • 13/02/1943 Lorient
  • 14/02/1943 Cologne
  • 16/02/1943 Lorient
  • 18/02/1943 Wilhelmshaven
  • 19/02/1943 Wilhelmshaven
  • 21/02/1943 Bremen
  • 25/02/1943 Nuremberg
  • 26/02/1943 Cologne
  • 28/02/1943 St.Nazaire

Aircraft utilised on operations were as follows:

  • HP59 B MKII (Series 1): DT488 DT489 DT519 W1165 W1231 W7749 W7778 W7779 W7804 W7808 W7821 W7825 W7837 W7851 W7872 W7873 W7874 W7875 W7876 W7877 W7878 W7881 W7885 W7887 W7906 W7907 W7923

Aircraft losses and incidents were as follows:

St Nazaire (28.02.1943) [Quarterly Review]

St Nazaire (28.02.1943) [Source: Quarterly Review]

March 1943

No. 35 Squadron was requested to prepare and dispatch aircraft and crews for the following operations:

  • 01/03/1943 Berlin
  • 03/03/1943 Hamburg
  • 05/03/1943 Essen
  • 08/03/1943 Nurnberg
  • 09/03/1943 Munich
  • 11/03/1943 Stuttgart
  • 12/03/1943 Essen
  • 22/03/1943 St.Nazaire
  • 26/03/1943 Duisberg
  • 27/03/1943 Berlin
  • 28/03/1943 St.Nazaire
  • 29/03/1943 Berlin

Aircraft utilised on operations were as follows:

  • HP59 B MKII (Series 1): DT489 DT519 DT806 HR678 HR685 W1165 W1231 W7506 W7778 W7779 W7804 W7807 W7821 W7823 W7825 W7837 W7838 W7851 W7872 W7873 W7874 W7876 W7877 W7878 W7881 W7887 W7907

Aircraft losses and incidents were as follows:

March 1943 Log.jpg

Extract from WJ Simpson’s Log Book [Courtesy of John Rogers]

April 1943

The 6th April 1943 directive issued to Bomber Command stated that attacks against the German submarine construction yards should be discontinued.

No. 35 Squadron was requested to prepare and dispatch aircraft and crews for the following operations:

  • 02/04/1943 Lorient
  • 02/04/1943 St.Nazaire
  • 04/04/1943 Kiel
  • 08/04/1943 Duisberg
  • 10/04/1943 Frankfurt
  • 13/04/1943 Spezia
  • 14/04/1943 Stuttgart
  • 16/04/1943 Mannheim
  • 16/04/1943 Pilsen
  • 18/04/1943 Spezia
  • 20/04/1943 Stettin
  • 26/04/1943 Duisberg
  • 30/04/1943 Bocholt
  • 30/04/1943 Essen

Aircraft utilised on operations were as follows:

  • HP59 B MKII (Series 1): BB320 DT488 DT489 DT801 DT803 DT804 DT805 DT806 HR673 HR676 HR678 HR685 HR736 JB785 JB786 JB787 W1165 W1231 W7711 W7779 W7804 W7808 W7821 W7823 W7825 W7872 W7873 W7874 W7876 W7881 W7887

Aircraft losses and incidents were as follows:

Extract from EC Brown’s Flying Log Book

May 1943

No. 35 Squadron was requested to prepare and dispatch aircraft and crews for the following operations:

  • 04/05/1943 Dortmund
  • 04/05/1943 Rheine
  • 12/05/1943 Duisburg
  • 13/05/1943 Bochum
  • 13/05/1943 Pilsen
  • 23/05/1943 Dortmund
  • 25/05/1943 Dusseldorf
  • 27/05/1943 Essen
  • 29/05/1943 Wuppertal

Aircraft utilised on operations were as follows:

  • HP59 B MKII (Series 1): BB320 BB359 BB361 BB368 BB370 DT488 DT489 DT801 DT803 DT804 DT805 HR673 HR676 HR685 HR736 HR777 HR793 HR795 HR799 HR803 HR833 JB785 JB786 JB787 JB788 W1165 W7711 W7778 W7804 W7823 W7825 W7872 W7874 W7875 W7876 W7881 W7887

Aircraft losses and incidents were as follows:

Extract from D Harris’s Flying |Log Book [Courtesy of Thomas Westhead]

June 1943

The 10th June 1943 directive issued to Bomber Command stated that the growing strength of German fighters was causing concern and as such the bomber offensive should focus on targets associated with the construction and storage of German aircraft.

No. 35 Squadron was requested to prepare and dispatch aircraft and crews for the following operations:

  • 11/06/1943 Dusseldorf
  • 11/06/1943 Munster
  • 12/06/1943 Bochum
  • 16/06/1943 Cologne
  • 19/06/1943 Le Creusot
  • 19/06/1943 Le Creusot & Henri Paul
  • 21/06/1943 Krefeld
  • 22/06/1943 Mulheim
  • 24/06/1943 Elberfeld
  • 28/06/1943 Cologne

Aircraft utilised on operations were as follows:

  • HP59 B MKII (Series 1): BB320 BB361 BB368 BB370 BB372 DT803 DT805 HR673 HR676 HR685 HR777 HR798 HR799 HR801 HR802 HR803 HR812 HR819 HR846 HR848 HR850 HR851 HR862 JB785 JB786 JB787 W7823 W7872 W7878

Aircraft losses and incidents were as follows:

July 1943

The monthly summary shows: 35 Squadron took part in heavy attacks on the following targets during the month of July: Koln, Gelsenkirchen, Aachen, Montbéliard, Hamburg, Essen and Remscheid. The attack on the Peugeot Works, Montbéliard, was carried out by Halifax aircraft only and caused severe damage to the motor works. Attacks on all the targets in Germany showed outstandingly good results. The end of the month was noteworthy for three very heavy and successful attacks on Hamburg on the nights of 24th / 25th, 27th / 28th and 29th /30th  when over 2300 tons of bombs were dropped on each occasion.

No. 35 Squadron was requested to prepare and dispatch aircraft and crews for the following operations:

  • 03/07/1943 Cologne
  • 09/07/1943 Gelsenkirchen
  • 13/07/1943 Aachen
  • 15/07/1943 Montbéliard
  • 24/07/1943 Hamburg
  • 25/07/1943 Essen
  • 27/07/1943 Hamburg
  • 29/07/1943 Hamburg
  • 30/07/1943 Remscheid

Aircraft utilised on operations were as follows:

  • HP59 B MKII (Series 1): BB320 BB359 BB366 BB370 BB372 DT803 HR673 HR676 HR777 HR787 HR798 HR801 HR802 HR803 HR819 HR846 HR851 HR855 HR862 HR863 HR865 HR866 HR873 HR877 HR878 HR879 HR880 HR906 HR907 HR908 JB786 JB787 W7823 W7823

Aircraft losses and incidents were as follows:

August 1943

The monthly summary shows: August 1943 opened with a continuation of the series of heavy and successful attacks on Hamburg. Other German targets attacked during August were Mannheim, Nurnberg, Berlin, Munchen Gladbach and the experimental establishment at Peenemunde. Turin was raided twice in the middle of the month, with the second attack being made by Halifax aircraft only. On the night of the 30th / 31st, a few aircraft of No 35 Squadron did not operate on the main targets but took part in small scale attacks on ammunition dumps in north-west France.

No. 35 Squadron was requested to prepare and dispatch aircraft and crews for the following operations:

  • 02/08/1943 Hamburg
  • 09/08/1943 Mannheim
  • 10/08/1943 Nurnberg
  • 12/08/1943 Turin
  • 16/08/1943 Turin
  • 17/08/1943 Peenemunde
  • 23/08/1943 Berlin
  • 27/08/1943 Nuremberg
  • 30/08/1943 Munchen Gladbach
  • 30/08/1943 Special target near Calais
  • 31/08/1943 Berlin
  • 31/08/1943 Special target NW France

Aircraft utilised on operations were as follows:

  • HP59 B MKII (Series 1): BB320 BB359 BB366 BB370 BB372 DT803 HR676 HR777 HR798 HR801 HR802 HR846 HR855 HR861 HR862 HR863 HR865 HR873 HR877 HR878 HR879 HR880 HR907 HR908 HR912 HR913 HR914 HR925 HR926 HR928 HR929 JB786
  • HP59 B MKII (Series 1a): HR984 HR986 HR987 HX148

Aircraft losses and incidents were as follows:

Extract from TS Redpath’s Flying Log Book [|Courtesy of Bobbie Grew]

September 1943

The 3rd September 1943 directive issued to Bomber Command stated that the objective of the bomber offensive was redefined as “The progressive destruction of the German military, industrial and economic system, the disruption of vital elements of lines of communication and the material reduction of German air combat strength”. It added that the offensive was a prerequisite to “Operation Overlord”

The monthly summary shows: Only one aircraft of No 35 Squadron was missing out of 141 sorties made during September 1943. Early in the month, raids were made on the ammunition dump in north-west France and the coastal defences in the Boulogne area, the latter being in conjunction with a large scale amphibious exercise in the English Channel. Attacks were carried out on the Dunlop Tyre factory at Montlucon and on the Modane International Railway Station at the west entrance to the Mont Cenis Tunnel, with satisfactory results. Heavy attacks were also made on Mannheim, Hanover and Bochum, with the attack on Bochum being particularly successful.

No. 35 Squadron was requested to prepare and dispatch aircraft and crews for the following operations:

  • 03/09/1943 Special target NW France
  • 05/09/1943 Mannheim
  • 08/09/1943 Special target 1st phase
  • 15/09/1943 Montlucon
  • 16/09/1943 Modane
  • 22/09/1943 Hanover
  • 23/09/1943 Mannheim
  • 27/09/1943 Hanover
  • 29/09/1943 Bochum

Aircraft utilised on operations were as follows:

  • HP59 B MKII (Series 1): BB359 DT803 HR676 HR777 HR798 HR801 HR802 HR847 HR855 HR866 HR873 HR877 HR879 HR907 HR912 HR913 HR925 HR926 HR929
  • HP59 B MKII (Series 1a): HR984 HR985 HR986 HR987 HR988 HX147 HX148 HX157 HX160 HX168 HX169

Aircraft losses and incidents were as follows:

AB Map of Modane [Courtesy of Paul Everest].JPG

Air Bomber’s target map of Modane 16/09/1943 [Courtesy of Paul Everest]

October 1943

The monthly summary shows: Owing to the moon period early in the month followed by adverse weather conditions for the remainder of the month, only four operations were carried out namely Kassel, Frankfurt and Bremen. The attack on Frankfurt was the most promising of the four when a good concentration of TI’s and bombs was achieved, with some crews stating that it was the best attack they had seen. One aircraft was missing during the month from the raid on Kassel.

No. 35 Squadron was requested to prepare and dispatch aircraft and crews for the following operations:

  • 03/10/1943 Kassel
  • 04/10/1943 Frankfurt
  • 08/10/1943 Bremen
  • 22/10/1943 Kassel

Aircraft utilised on operations were as follows:

  • HP59 B MKII (Series 1): DT803 HR777 HR798 HR802 HR847 HR855 HR866 HR873 HR876 HR877 HR912 HR913 HR916 HR925 HR926 HR929
  • HP59 B MKII (Series 1a): HR984 HR985 HR986 HR988 HX147 HX148 HX157 HX160 HX167 HX168 HX169

Aircraft losses and incidents were as follows:

LogBook Extract.jpg

Extract from E Holmes Log Book for October 1943 [Courtesy of David Holmes]

November 1943

The monthly summary shows: No 35 Squadron took part in heavy attacks on the following targets: Dusseldorf, Cannes, Mannheim, Leverkusen, Berlin, Frankfurt and Stuttgart. The attack on Cannes was carried out by Halifax aircraft only. A very concentrated attack developed and severe damage was done to the marshalling yards. The end of the month was noteworthy for the two very heavy and successful attacks on Berlin on the 22nd/ 23rd and 23rd / 24th and marked the beginning of the Battle of Berlin.

No. 35 Squadron was requested to prepare and dispatch aircraft and crews for the following operations:

  • 03/11/1943 Dusseldorf
  • 11/11/1943 Cannes
  • 17/11/1943 Mannheim
  • 18/11/1943 Mannheim
  • 19/11/1943 Leverkusen
  • 22/11/1943 Berlin
  • 23/11/1943 Berlin
  • 25/11/1943 Frankfurt
  • 26/11/1943 Stuttgart

Aircraft utilised on operations were as follows:

  • HP59 B MKII (Series 1): DT803 HR676 HR798 HR802 HR847 HR855 HR866 HR873 HR876 HR877 HR879 HR912 HR916 HR925 HR929
  • HP59 B MKII (Series 1a): HR984 HR985 HR986 HR988 HX147 HX160 HX167 HX168 HX169 JN954 JN955 JP121 JP122 JP123 JP124 LW323 LW326

Aircraft losses and incidents were as follows:

Air Bomber’s target map of Cannes 11/11/1943 [Courtesy of Paul Everest]

December 1943

The monthly summary shows: In spite of only six operations during the month, the Battle of Berlin was continued with three attacks being made on the German capital. Leipzig, Frankfurt and a special target in France were also attacked. Adverse weather conditions, together with a moon period at the beginning of the month accounts for the small number of operations carried out. All three attacks on Berlin were made under cloudy conditions, but a certain measure of success seems to have been achieved.

No. 35 Squadron was requested to prepare and dispatch aircraft and crews for the following operations:

  • 02/12/1943 Berlin
  • 03/12/1943 Leipzig
  • 20/12/1943 Frankfurt
  • 22/12/1943 Special Target,France
  • 23/12/1943 Berlin
  • 29/12/1943 Berlin

Aircraft utilised on operations were as follows:

  • HP59 B MKII (Series 1): HR801 HR847 HR855 HR873 HR876 HR877 HR879 HR912 HR913 HR916
  • HP59 B MKII (Series 1a): HR984 HR986 HR988 HX147 HX160 HX167 HX168 HX169 JN954 JN955 JP121 JP122 JP123 JP124 LW323 LW343
  • HP 61 B MKIII: HX232 HX270 HX317 HX325 HX327 HX328 HX329

Aircraft losses and incidents were as follows:

Extract from JG Walter’s Flying Log Book [Courtesy of Jonathon Walters]