Operational Summary (1942)

January

No. 35 Squadron was requested to provide resources for the following operations:

  • 06/01/1942 Cruisers Scharnhorst and Gneisenau (Brest)
  • 07/01/1942 St Nazaire
  • 08/01/1942 Brest
  • 10/01/1942 Wilhelmshaven
  • 15/01/1942 Hamburg

Aircraft utilised on operations were as follows:

  • HP 57 B MKI (Series 1): L9504 L9511
  • HP 57 B MKI (Series 2): L9584
  • HP 57 B MKI (Series 3): L9605 L9606
  • HP 59 B MKII (Series 1): L9610 R9367 R9372 R9377 R9386 V9983 V9993

Aircraft losses and incidents were as follows:

February

The 14th February 1942 directive issued to Bomber Combined advised that the Air Ministry wanted to maximise the benefits of the introduction of Gee navigational equipment (as a target-finding and blind bombing device) and, as such, the principle of conservation of forces was to be modified.

The directive stated that without restriction, “until further notice”, the primary objective of Bomber Command operations should be focused on the morale of the enemy civil population, and in particular, of the industrial workers.

Targets (within Gee range) included: Essen, Duisburg, Dusseldorf, Cologne, Bremen, Wilhelmshaven and Emden.

Targets (outside Gee range) included: Hamburg, Kiel, Lubeck, Rostock, Berlin, Kassel, Hanover, Frankfurt, Mannheim, Schweinfurt and Stuttgart.

It is worth noting that the squadron was screened from operations throughout the month “due to special modifications”, which it is assumed was the installation of TR1335 (Gee) navigational equipment.

No. 35 Squadron was requested to provide resources for the following operation:

  • 12/02/1942 Cruisers Scharnhorst, Gneisenau and Prinz Eugen (English Channel / North Sea)

Aircraft utilised on operations were as follows:

  • HP 59 B MKII (Series 1): R9367 R9381 R9425 V9983

Aircraft losses and incidents were as follows:

March

No. 35 Squadron was requested to provide resources for the following operations:

  • 03/03/1942 Renault Factory, Billancourt
  • 08/03/1942 Essen
  • 09/03/1942 Essen
  • 13/03/1942 Cologne
  • 30/03/1942 Tirpitz (Trondheim Fjord)

Note: The squadron operated from a forward base at RAF Kinloss for the operation on 30th March 1942 (having detached there on 27th March) 

Aircraft utilised on operations were as follows:

  • HP 59 B MKII (Series 1): R9381 R9411 R9422 R9425 R9438 R9439 R9440 R9441 R9442 R9444 R9445 R9446 R9448 R9449 R9450 R9483 R9489 R9496 V9983 W1015 W1019 W1020 W1021

Aircraft losses and incidents were as follows:

April

No. 35 Squadron was requested to provide resources for the following operations:

  • 08/04/1942 Hamburg
  • 10/04/1942 Essen
  • 12/04/1942 Essen
  • 16/04/1942 L’Orient
  • 27/04/1942 Battleship Tirpitz
  • 28/04/1942 Battleship Tirpitz

Notes:

  • The squadron operated from a forward base at RAF Kinloss for the operations on 27th and 28th April 1942 (having detached there on 21st and 22nd April) 
  • On 29th April W/Cdr Marks and crew, together with F/O RJ Lane, took up the search along with other aircraft for the two aircraft lost on the overnight raid and searched unceasingly for nine and a half hours but without avail; none of the aircraft sighted the lost crews or dinghies

Aircraft utilised on operations were as follows:

  • HP 59 B MKII (Series 1): R9439 R9444 R9448 R9483 R9489 W1019 W1020 W1021 W1046 W1047 W1048 W1049 W1050 W1051 W1053 W7656 W7657 W7658

Aircraft losses and incidents were as follows:

May

The 5th May 1942 directive issued to Bomber Command stated that whilst the primary aim of operations must be the lowering of the morale of the enemy civil population, and in particular, of the industrial workers, every effort should be made to reduce the output of aircraft factories, particularly those producing fighter aircraft.

Bremen, Kassel, Frankfurt and Stuttgart were highlighted as key targets, along with a number of factories producing aircraft parts.

The 25th May 1942 directive advised that approval had been given to attack a number of factories in German occupied countries (provided special conditions relating to these attacks were observed).

No. 35 Squadron was requested to provide resources for the following operations:

  • 04/05/1942 Stuttgart
  • 06/05/1942 Stuttgart
  • 08/05/1942 Warnemunde
  • 19/05/1942 Mannheim
  • 19/05/1942 St Nazaire
  • 22/05/1942 St Nazaire
  • 29/05/1942 Gennevilliers
  • 30/05/1942 Cologne

Aircraft utilised on operations were as follows:

  • HP 57 B MKI (Series 3): L9606
  • HP 59 B MKII (Series 1): R9370 R9381 R9439 R9444 R9448 R9482 R9483 R9489 W1006 W1021 W1044 W1047 W1049 W1050 W1051 W1100 W1101 W1102 W1105 W1117 W1141 W7657 W7658 W7676 W7699 W7700 W7701

Aircraft losses and incidents were as follows:

Operations Board 30th / 31st May 1942 [Source: Memorial Room, Linton-On-Ouse]

June

No. 35 Squadron was requested to provide resources for the following operations:

  • 01/06/1942 Essen
  • 02/06/1942 Essen
  • 03/06/1942 Bremen
  • 06/06/1942 Emden
  • 08/06/1942 Essen
  • 16/06/1942 Essen
  • 19/06/1942 Emden
  • 20/06/1942 Emden
  • 22/06/1942 Emden
  • 25/06/1942 Bremen
  • 27/06/1942 Angers
  • 27/06/1942 Bremen
  • 27/06/1942 Chartres
  • 27/06/1942 Le Mans
  • 27/06/1942 Orleans
  • 27/06/1942 Rouen
  • 29/06/1942 Angers
  • 29/06/1942 Bourges
  • 29/06/1942 Bremen
  • 29/06/1942 Paris
  • 29/06/1942 Tours

Aircraft utilised on operations were as follows:

  • HP 59 B MKII (Series 1): R9370 R9381 R9439 R9444 R9448 R9483 R9489 W1006 W1019 W1021 W1047 W1049 W1100 W1102 W1105 W1117 W1141 W1146 W1147 W1154 W1160 W1173 W7657 W7676 W7699 W7700 W7701 W7749 W7761

Aircraft losses and incidents were as follows:

July

The 20th July 1942 directive issued to Bomber Command advised changes to the factories that should be attacked in German occupied territories.

No. 35 Squadron was requested to provide resources for the following operations:

  • 02/07/1942 Bremen
  • 08/07/1942 Paris
  • 08/07/1942 Wilhelmshafen
  • 13/07/1942 Duisburg
  • 19/07/1942 Vegesack
  • 21/07/1942 Duisburg
  • 21/07/1942 Paris
  • 23/07/1942 Duisburg
  • 25/07/1942 Duisburg
  • 25/07/1942 Paris
  • 26/07/1942 Hamburg
  • 29/07/1942 Saarbrucken
  • 31/07/1942 Dusseldorf

Aircraft utilised on operations were as follows:

  • HP 57 B MKI (Series 3): L9607
  • HP 59 B MKII (Series 1): R9448 R9483 R9489 W1006 W1019 W1046 W1047 W1100 W1146 W1147 W1154 W1160 W1173 W1226 W7657 W7676 W7700 W7749 W7760 W7761 W7765 W7778 W7779

Aircraft losses and incidents were as follows:

August

The squadron’s Operations Record Book entry for 8th August 1942 shows “The squadron had been selected as one of the Pathfinder Force, detailed to lead attacks against targets and to act as markers for the main body. The crews are to be reorganised to provide twenty picked crews, volunteering for this work. RAF Station Graveley (a satellite to Wyton) has been selected as the station from which the squadron will operate and the move will be made immediately”.

The advanced party left on 12th August, with the main party leaving on 15th August. The first operational flying from RAF Graveley was on 18th August 1942.

No. 35 Squadron was requested to provide resources for the following operations:

  • From RAF Linton-On-Ouse
    • 03/08/1942 Hamburg
    • 04/08/1942 Essen
    • 05/08/1942 Paris
    • 06/08/1942 Duisburg
    • 09/08/1942 Osnabruck
    • 11/08/1942 Le Havre
    • 11/08/1942 Mainz
  • From RAF Graveley
    • 18/08/1942 Flensburg
    • 24/08/1942 Frankfurt
    • 28/08/1942 Nuremberg

Aircraft utilised on operations were as follows:

  • HP 59 B MKII (Series 1): R9483 W1019 W1046 W1047 W1146 W1160 W1173 W1226 W1242 W7657 W7676 W7700 W7749 W7765 W7778 W7779

Aircraft losses and incidents were as follows:

September

The 3rd September 1942 directive issued to Bomber Command stated that the Poelitz Hydrogeneration Plant should be added to the list of priority targets.

No. 35 Squadron was requested to provide resources for the following operations:

  • 01/09/1942 Saarbrucken
  • 02/09/1942 Karlsruhe
  • 04/09/1942 Bremen
  • 06/09/1942 Duisburg
  • 08/09/1942 Frankfurt
  • 10/09/1942 Dusseldorf
  • 13/09/1942 Bremen
  • 14/09/1942 Wilhelmshaven
  • 19/09/1942 Saarbrucken

Aircraft utilised on operations were as follows:

  • HP 59 B MKII (Series 1): DT489 R9483 W1019 W1047 W1146 W1160 W1173 W1231 W7657 W7749 W7778 W7779 W7804 W7821

Aircraft losses and incidents were as follows:

October

No. 35 Squadron was requested to provide resources for the following operations:

  • 05/10/1942 Aachen
  • 13/10/1942 Kiel
  • 15/10/1942 Cologne
  • 24/10/1942 Milan

Aircraft utilised on operations were as follows:

  • HP 59 B MKII (Series 1): DT488 DT489 DT500 DT519 W1019 W1047 W1102 W1141 W1146 W1160 W1165 W1173 W1231 W7749 W7778 W7779 W7804 W7821 W7866

Aircraft losses and incidents were as follows:

Extract from OW Rees’ Flying Log Book [Courtesy of Andy Rees]

November

No. 35 Squadron was requested to provide resources for the following operations:

  • 06/11/1942 Gardening
  • 08/11/1942 Gardening
  • 09/11/1942 Hamburg
  • 18/11/1942 Turin
  • 20/11/1942 Turin
  • 22/11/1942 Stuttgart
  • 28/11/1942 Turin

Aircraft utilised on operations were as follows:

  • HP 59 B MKII (Series 1): DT488 DT489 DT519 W1019 W1141 W1146 W1231 W7778 W7779 W7804 W7821 W7866 W7881 W7885 W7886 W7887 W7906 W7907

Aircraft losses and incidents were as follows:

Extract from BT Royall’s Flying Log Book [Courtesy of Peter Royall]

December

No. 35 Squadron was requested to provide resources for the following operations:

  • 02/12/1942 Frankfurt
  • 06/12/1942 Mannheim
  • 08/12/1942 Turin
  • 09/12/1942 Turin
  • 11/12/1942 Turin
  • 20/12/1942 Duisburg

Aircraft utilised on operations were as follows:

  • HP 59 B MKII (Series 1): DT488 DT489 DT519 W1141 W1146 W1231 W7749 W7778 W7779 W7804 W7821 W7866 W7881 W7885 W7887 W7906 W7907

Aircraft losses and incidents were as follows: