Operational Summary (1945)

January 1945

The 15th January 1945 directive issued to Bomber Command reiterated that the overall mission was “the progressive destruction and dislocation of the German military, industrial and economic system and the direct support of land and naval forces”.

The directive set out the priorities as:

  1. Petroleum Industry
  2. The German lines of communication
  3. Industrial areas
  4. German Air Force (primarily its jet production, training and operational establishments)
  5. U-Boat Organisation

The squadron monthly summary shows: “Owing to bad weather, the squadron only operated on nine nights during the month. Cloud conditions reduced the effectiveness of these attacks (Zeitz and Magdeburg being the most outstanding successes). Oil targets and communication centres again figured prominently among the targets”

No. 35 Squadron was requested to prepare and dispatch aircraft and crews for the following operations:

  • 02/01/1945 Ludwigshafen
  • 02/01/1945 Nuremberg
  • 05/01/1945 Hanover
  • 06/01/1945 Hanau
  • 07/01/1945 Munich
  • 13/01/1945 Saarbrucken
  • 14/01/1945 Grevenbroich
  • 14/01/1945 Merseburg/Leuna
  • 16/01/1945 Magdeburg
  • 16/01/1945 Zeitz
  • 22/01/1945 Gelsenkirchen
  • 28/01/1945 Marshalling Yards at Stuttgart

Aircraft utilised on operations were as follows:

  • Avro Lancaster (B.I): NG434 NG436 SW266
  • Avro Lancaster (B.III): ME331 ME333 ME334 ME335 ME337 ME361 ME362 ME367 ME369 ND916 PB257 PB288 PB305 PB343 PB364 PB566 PB583 PB613 PB614 PB676 PB684

Aircraft losses and incidents were as follows:

February 1945

The squadron monthly summary shows: “During the middle of the month a spell of adverse weather cut down the number of operations by the squadron to fifteen; these included three daylight attacks on Mainz, Essen and Kamen. Of the remaining operations, a very successful attack was made on Dresden in support of the Russian Army and a Western Front Army support attack on Goch. Other attacks were chiefly on railway and communication centres”

No. 35 Squadron was requested to prepare and dispatch aircraft and crews for the following operations:

  • 01/02/1945 Mainz
  • 02/02/1945 Wanne Eickel
  • 04/02/1945 Bonn
  • 07/02/1945 Goch
  • 08/02/1945 Politz
  • 13/02/1945 Bohlen
  • 13/02/1945 Dresden
  • 14/02/1945 Chemnitz
  • 14/02/1945 Chemnitz (2)
  • 20/02/1945 Dortmund
  • 20/02/1945 Reisholz
  • 21/02/1945 Duisburg
  • 23/02/1945 Essen
  • 23/02/1945 Pforzheim
  • 24/02/1945 Kamen
  • 27/02/1945 Mainz

Aircraft utilised on operations were as follows:

  • Avro Lancaster (B.I): NG434 NG436 NG440 SW255 SW266
  • Avro Lancaster (B.III): ME331 ME333 ME334 ME335 ME337 ME361 ME362 ME367 ME369 PB257 PB288 PB305 PB364 PB369 PB613 PB614 PB676 PB684

Aircraft losses and incidents were as follows:

Log Book Extract [Courtesy of Paul Herod]

March 1945

The squadron monthly summary shows: “A favourable month’s weather enabled the squadron to carry out nineteen attacks, with a total of 210 sorties flown. During these operations, a total of 778 tons of bombs was dropped, a figure which has only been exceeded once before (in July of last year). The majority of the attacks were in support of the Western Front and on railway and transportation centres, eight of them being carried out in daylight”

No. 35 Squadron was requested to prepare and dispatch aircraft and crews for the following operations:

  • 01/03/1945 Mannheim (Daylight Raid)
  • 02/03/1945 Cologne (Daylight Raid)
  • 03/03/1945 Oil Plant at Kamen
  • 05/03/1945 Chemnitz
  • 07/03/1945 Dessau
  • 07/03/1945 Oil Refinery at Hemmingstedt
  • 08/03/1945 Blohm and Voss Works at Hamburg
  • 11/03/1945 Essen (Daylight Raid)
  • 12/03/1945 Dortmund (Daylight Raid)
  • 13/03/1945 Oil Plant at Gelsenkirchen
  • 15/03/1945 Benzol Plant at Bottrop
  • 15/03/1945 Oil Refinery at Misburg
  • 18/03/1945 Witten
  • 20/03/1945 Oil Plant at Heide
  • 21/03/1945 Benzol Plant at Bruchstrasse
  • 24/03/1945 Gladbeck (Daylight Raid)
  • 25/03/1945 Munster
  • 25/03/1945 Osnabruck (Daylight Raid)
  • 27/03/1945 Paderborn (Daylight Raid)

Aircraft utilised on operations were as follows:

  • Avro Lancaster (B.I): NG434 NG436 NG440 SW266
  • Avro Lancaster (B.III): ME331 ME333 ME337 ME361 ME362 ME369 PB257 PB288 PB305 PB364 PB566 PB583 PB613 PB614 PB676 PB684

Aircraft losses and incidents were as follows:

April 1945

The 16th April 1945 directive issued to Bomber Command stated that the main mission of the Strategic Air Forces was “direct assistance to the land campaign”

The directive set out the priorities as:

  1. Petroleum Industry
  2. The German lines of communication
  3. German Air Force (primarily its jet production, training and operational establishments)
  4. U-Boat Organisation

The squadron monthly summary shows: “Owing to the rapid advances of our troops on the Western Front, targets to attack became fewer and the squadron only operated thirteen times. On the 24th of the month it took part in dropping medical supplies on the POW Camp at Neubrandenburg and on the 30th the first Operation Manna was carried out on Valkenburg, on which five Lancasters of the squadron did the marking for the main force to drop food containers over Holland.”

No. 35 Squadron was requested to prepare and dispatch aircraft and crews for the following operations:

  • 03/04/1945: Nordhausen.
  • 04/04/1945: Synthetic Oil Plant at Leuna
  • 08/04/1945: Blohm and Voss Works at Hamburg [1 loss]
  • 09/04/1945; Kiel
  • 10/04/1945|: Marshalling Yards at Plauen
  • 10/04/1945: Engeldorf Marshalling Yards at Leipzig
  • 11/04/1945 Marshalling Yards at Bayreuth
  • 14/04/1945 Potsdam
  • 16/04/1945 Marshalling Yards at Schwandorf
  • 18/04/1945 Heligoland (Daylight Raid)
  • 22/04/1945 Bremen (Daylight Raid)
  • 24/04/1945 Medical Supplies to Neubrandenburg POW Camp
  • 25/04/1945 Gun positions at Wangerooge Island
  • 30/04/1945 Food drops at Valkenburg (Operation Manna)

Aircraft utilised on operations were as follows:

  • Avro Lancaster (B.I): NG434 NG436 NG440 PB951 PB982 PB985 PB987 PB988 PB989 RF183 SW266
  • Avro Lancaster (B.III): ME337 ME362 ME369 PB257 PB264 PB288 PB305 PB364 PB377 PB383 PB566 PB583 PB613 PB614 PB676 PB684 PB685 PB971 PB973 PB980 PB981

Aircraft losses and incidents were as follows:

Extract from WJ Simpson’s Log Book [Courtesy of John Rogers]

Target Photo from Potsdam Operation [Courtesy of Linda Lindeke]

Up to 8th May 1945

The squadron monthly summary shows:

“No offensive operations were carried out during the month and the eighth was announced as VE Day. Up to VE Day, the squadron was engaged on Manna Operations, which included three on Ypenburg and one on Rotterdam”

No. 35 Squadron was requested to prepare and dispatch aircraft and crews for the following operations:

  • 01/05/1945: Ypenburg (Operation Manna)
  • 02/05/1945: Ypenburg (Operation Manna)
  • 04/05/1945: Ypenburg (Operation Manna)
  • 05/05/1945: Ypenburg (Operation Manna)
  • 07/05/1945: Rotterdam (Operation Manna)

Aircraft utilised on operations were as follows:

  • Avro Lancaster (B.I): NG436 PB985 PB988 PB989 RF183
  • Avro Lancaster (B.III): PB257 PB288 PB684 PB951 PB973 PB980 PB981 RF163

Aircraft losses and incidents were as follows:


VE Day was announced on the 8th May 1945 and the process of demobilisation of personnel and post war clean up started shortly afterwards